1. Prevention is better than cure. This means
cleaning the tooth surfaces thoroughly twice a day





2. Brush your teeth for over 60 seconds
(ideally 2 minutes) each time



3. Floss all the teeth you wish to keep once per day or use inter-dental brushes to clean between your teeth.



4. Detect problems early to save teeth from
serious caries (decay) and gum disease (bone
loss and loosening) – we examine your teeth with detailed x-rays where appropriate

News
Dr Martin Vaughan BDentSc
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News - March 2012

Eating disorders cause severe dental erosion
Eating disorders cause severe dental erosionA study by the University of Bergen in Norway has shown that patients who suffer from eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia experience substantially more dental health problems – for example, sensitive teeth, severe dental erosion and facial pain – compared to those without.

The study underlined that over one in three people (36%) suffering from eating disorders had “severe dental erosion”, compared with 11% in the control group. People with an eating disorder also reported that they frequently suffered facial pains and a dry mouth, as well as increased tooth sensitivity.
Dr Nigel Carter, Chief Executive of the British Dental Health Foundation, explained the reasons for the apparent poor oral health, and offered some advice to sufferers:
“When you vomit repeatedly, as with certain eating disorders, it can severely affect oral health. The high levels of acid in the vomit can cause damage to tooth enamel, and frequent vomiting means the saliva in your mouth won’t have the opportunity to naturally repair the damage. People suffering with an eating disorder should try, wherever possible, to rinse their mouth after vomiting to help reduce acid effects. Do not brush immediately after vomiting, as this may brush away softened enamel. The use of fluoride toothpaste will help to protect teeth, and chewing sugar-free gum will help to increase saliva flow and neutralise acids in the mouth. Your dentist can also prescribe high strength fluoride toothpaste.”
Bodywhys is the Eating Disorder Association of Ireland. If you have concerns about eating disorders, or for further information, they can be contacted for advice and support on their lo-call helpline number – 1890 200 144 or at http://www.bodywhys.ie

From http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/

An apple a day could keep the dentist away too
An apple a day could keep the dentist away tooOlder men who eat more fibre-rich fruits can help to keep periodontal disease from getting worse, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Geriatric Society.

Eating more high-fibre foods lowers LDL or ‘bad’ cholesterol. People who eat more fibre are also less likely to be obese. Periodontal (gum) disease is linked with obesity, so researchers wondered if eating more fibre could help to reduce periodontal disease.
They studied 625 men who are part of a larger long-term study on ageing. All of the men had some level of gum disease. The study kept track of the men for an average of 15 years. They had dental and physical exams every three to five years, and also filled out food questionnaires. The researchers were interested in how much fibre the men ate.
The researchers found no benefit to eating more fibre in men under the age of 65.
However, in men aged 65 and older, eating more fibre-rich foods was linked with 24% less bone loss in the jaw. It also reduced the risk of tooth loss by 28%.
Then the researchers broke out the fibre sources by food group, and found that only fruits had an effect. Fibre-rich fruits reduced the risk of bone loss by 14% per serving and reduced the risk of tooth loss by 12% per serving.
Fibre-rich fruits include raspberries, pears, apples, strawberries, bananas, oranges, dried figs and raisins.

From http://www.simplestepsdental.com/

Newly identified oral bacterium linked to heart disease and meningitis
Oral health
A new bacterium,thought to be a common inhabitant of the oral cavity, has the potential to cause serious disease if it enters the bloodstream, according to a study in the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. The bacterium was identified by researchers at the University of Zurich and has been named Streptococcus tigurinus. S. tigurinus was isolated from the blood of patients suffering from endocarditis, meningitis and spondylodiscitis (inflammation of the spine). It bears a close resemblance to other Streptococcus strains that colonise the mouth. Bleeding gums represent a possible route of entry for oral bacteria into the bloodstream.

The similarity of S. tigurinus to other related bacteria has meant that it has existed up until now without being identified. Researchers say that further study is necessary to understand the strategies S. tigurinus uses to successfully cause disease. This will allow infected patients to be treated quickly and appropriately.
Lead researcher Dr Andrea Zbinden said that while the discovery is no cause for alarm, it is important that it is recognised and the risk is quantified. “This bacterium seems to have a natural potential to cause severe disease, so it’s important that clinicians and microbiologists are aware of it,” she said. “The next step is to work out exactly how common this bacterium is in the oral cavity and what risk it poses.”

From http://www.sciencedaily.com/